Surface Water Monitoring
Kettle Creek Conservation Authority (KCCA) carries out monthly water quality samples in partnership with the Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change (MOECC) Provincial Water Quality Monitoring Network (PWQMN) to monitor long-term trends in surface water quality throughout the watershed and the province. Water samples are collected during the ice-free months generally from March to November in four sites in streams across the watershed. Samples are then taken to the MOECC laboratories where they are analyzed for a number of water quality parameters including major ions (e.g. chloride) and nutrients (such as nitrogen and phosphorus), metals (e.g. mercury and lead), suspended solids, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, pH, alkalinity, temperature and turbidity. There are currently 30 conservation authorities sampling approximately 390 sites across Ontario. In addition KCCA monitors six other sites at areas of interest throughout the watershed.
In partnership with the Provincial Groundwater Monitoring Network (PGMN) through the Ministry of the Environment (MOE), Kettle Creek Conservation Authority (KCCA) operates and maintains a network of seven groundwater monitoring wells located throughout the watershed. The PGMN program allows for an accurate assessment of current groundwater conditions. It provides an early warning system for changes in water levels or in water quality, and provides information for making sound land use planning decisions. The groundwater monitoring network is integrated with other relevant databases, including the Province’s low water response strategy.
As part of the provincial network, KCCA also collects water samples in the spring and fall that are analyzed for nutrients, general chemistry, metals and bacteria which supplies additional information on the quality of water and the state of the aquifer. The information collected serves the critical need for baseline groundwater data in the region.
This data will be used in a variety of ways, including to:
- Help define emerging issues, trends towards phosphorus levels and climate change ;
- Provide scientific data to guide environmental assessments and land use policy, and
- Provide scientific data for KCCA’s Watershed Report Cards and funding applications.
8:30 am to 4:30 pm
Water Conservation Supervisor
Tel: (519) 631-1270 ext. 228